Word Order. Inversion

Task 1. Mark the following statements as true or false.
1. A traditional feature of word order in English is its fixed character that is based on subject-verb-object word order.

2. End-focus is placing the new or most important idea in a piece of information at the beginning of the sentence, thus making it more prominent.

3. End-weight is moving the more ‘weighty' part(s) of a sentence towards the end, thus making sentences ‘light' at the beginning.

4. Such a shift when you put focus and emphasis on the subject of the sentence is known as fronting.

5. A good way to highlight a subject complement is to use wh-cleft sentences.

6. Inversion is generally recognized as conventional word order in English.

7. Besides full and partial inversion some grammarians also distinguish double inversion.

8. In some cases inversion may be devoid of any special coloring and be required by purely grammatical reasons.

9. Front position is emphatic for adverbials of time, manner, degree and direction and is often accompanied by inversion.

10. The main function of word order for the English language is communicative, while for the Russian language it is grammatical.

Task 2. Identify the type of inversion as subject-operator or subject-verb and state its function.

E x a m p l e: Down flew the bird. – subject-verb, emphatic

1. Scarcely had he started speaking when the lights went out. ,
2. In the doorway stood Mr Big. ,
3. Out came the sun. ,
4. At no time was I asked my opinion on the subject. ,
5. Should danger come, we shall be prepared to meet it. ,
6. – She is a real opera fan. – So am I. ,
7. Here comes my brother. ,
8. Many a time did she plan to divorce her husband, but she never did. ,
9. Behind those mountains lies the canyon. ,
10. Long live heroes! ,
11. Have you ever cheated in an exam? ,
12. Down came the prices, up went the sales. ,
13. Were I you, I wouldn't tell them anything. ,
14. Far away in a dark wood stood a little hut. ,
15. Little did I know that I was speaking to someone as important as Professor Sims. ,

Task 3. Complete the following sentences using the words and phrases in the box. Each of them can be used only once.
at no point in no way little never not not only
on no account only after scarcely under no circumstances rarely no sooner
1. were the security guards to blame for what happened.
2. once did the old woman thank me for helping her.
3. seeing the doctor was Theresa allowed to leave hospital.
4. will passengers be allowed to carry more than 2 pieces of hand luggage.
5. were they late to work, but they also forgot to bring the reports.
6. during the party did anyone mention that Peter and Julie were getting married.
7. had Alan arrived in Mexico when he was arrested.
8. did the passengers know that the driver was really an undercover police officer.
9. do you meet anyone as charming as Mr. Peterson.
10. should unaccompanied children be allowed to enter the pub.
11. before has the company found itself facing such stiff competition.
12. had the alarm gone off than the police cars arrived.

Task 4. Paraphrase the sentences using inverted word order or stylistic emphasis.
1. I was so scared that I couldn't even scream.

that I couldn't even scream.

2. He didn't enjoy the show last night, and I didn't either.

He didn't enjoy the show last night, and .

3. They have met such good people nowhere before.

such good people.

4. The family tried to discover the truth in vain.

to discover the truth.

5. Though she was calculating of brain, Emily could be impulsive of heart.

, Emily could be impulsive of heart.

6. If I saw Jack much oftener, I could help him.

, I could help him.

7. The owl flew off through the open window.

through the open window.

8. The roar of the ocean came from behind the hills.

of the ocean.

9. She had wanted for her niece a nice English boy.

for her niece.

10. – I can speak English. – I can, too.

– I can speak English. – .

11. She had barely begun to study when her Dad rang the bell.

when her Dad rang the bell.

12. He had left silently, without so much as a good-bye. But it had been good-bye for him.

He had left silently, without so much as a good-bye. But for him.

13. I seldom leave my house so early.

my house so early.

Task 5. Choose the correct variant.










Task 6. Translate the underlined parts into English using inversion.
1. Хоть я и сильно пытаюсь to understand his behavior, I can't agree with it.
2. Ни разу не пожаловалась она of pain.
3. Случись вам попасть в Kenya, go on safari.
4. – He is an expert in economics. – Так и есть .
5. Не успел он произнести слова, как she began laughing.
6. Ralph, несмотря на свою молодость, was one of the best of them.
7. Будь я на вашем месте , I wouldn't tell them anything.
8. Велико же было их удивление when they saw an unknown object in the sky.
9. Постарайтесь все-таки in future to accurately follow our instructions.
10. Было б у меня much more money, I would buy a car.
Total: 85 points 0 point-mark

Correct answers




















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