Moods in Complex Sentences

Task 1. Mark the following statements as true or false.
1. In complex sentences Subjunctive II is used to express unreal or problematic actions.

2. Subjunctive II can be used in the principal clauses of complex sentences.

3. The perfect Subjunctive II can be used after It's time / It's high time.

4. After the verb to wish a combination of would and the Infinitive is possible only when the subject of the subordinate clause and that of the principal clause denote the same thing or person.

5. The conjunctions as if, as though can introduce both nominal predicative clauses and adverbial clauses of comparison or manner.

6. Split condition is different time reference of the actions in the principal and subordinate clauses.

7. Adverbial clauses of condition referring to the future showing that the action is possible, though unlikely (translated into Russian as «случись так, что…», «если так случится, что…») should be rendered into English as ‘if you happen / chance to…', ‘if you suddenly…'.

8. The conjunction lest can introduce not only nominal and attributive appositive clauses after the expression of fear in the principal clause but also adverbial clauses of purpose.

9. After the conjunction lest the negative form of the non-perfect Suppositional mood is used.

10. Subjunctive I cannot be used in nominal and attributive appositive clauses if in the principal clause a personal reaction to events is expressed.

Task 2. Choose the right variant.
1. I find it natural that she ___ to be a teacher.

2. If they ___ yesterday, they would have discussed it.

3. It's high time you ___ your homework.

4. I wish you ___ better next term.

5. He got up early lest he ___ late for classes.

6. It is possible the weather ___ .

7. If you hadn't lost the key, we ___ in such a stupid situation now.

8. The suggestion was that we ___ it as quickly as possible.

9. Whatever the reason ___, the fact remains.

10. He knew it was necessary that all the manners ___ .

Task 3. Open the brackets using the required oblique mood form.
1. He felt fresh and rested as if he (not to work) for twelve hours non-stop.
2. We shall start at 7 o'clock lest we (to miss) the train.
3. Wherever you (to meet) him, invite him to your house.
4. My ambition has always been that I (to become) a writer.
5. If the fellow (not to leave) the city, the police (to arrest) him.
6. It was time I (to get) out of there before I was asked to leave.
7. I was nervous lest Harris (to want) to get out.
8. I wish you (to stop) contradicting me!
9. Come and see us here any time next year. If you (to come) in autumn, you'll enjoy a lot of fruit.
10. It's doubtful that he (to fail) to inform anybody of his arrival.
11. I recommend that she (to reduce) the expenditure.
12. We would rather she (to come) back soon.
13. It seemed as though he (to be) leaving.
14. My greatest fear was she (not to call) me on departure.

Task 4. Match the following sentences with proper comments.
  • She felt as though the blood had suddenly stopped in her veins.
  • I wish he would give up that silly idea.
  • Isn't it time we put an end to this horrible war?
  • Molly dropped the bracelet instantly, as if it were red-hot coals.
  • He went up cautiously so that he might not wake the sleeping boy.
  • If I had time to spare, I should accept your invitation.
  • George suggested that his friends should peel the potatoes.
  • It's important that you not lose your self-control.
  • If something unexpected should arise, send a telegram to us.
  • Even if you tried to persuade her to do it, she would not change her mind.
  • Subjunctive II, non-perfect, adverbial clause of purpose
  • Subjunctive II, nominal object clause, strong request
  • Subjunctive II, non-perfect, adverbial clause of condition; the Conditional Mood, non-perfect, principal clause
  • Subjunctive I, nominal subject clause, modal meaning in the principal clause
  • Subjunctive II, perfect, nominal predicative clause
  • Subjunctive II, non-perfect, adverbial clause of concession; the Conditional Mood, non-perfect, principal clause
  • Subjunctive II, non-perfect, adverbial clause of comparison
  • the Suppositional Mood, non-perfect, adverbial clause of condition, slight possibility
  • the Suppositional Mood, non-perfect, nominal object clause, modal meaning in the principal clause
  • Subjunctive II, non-perfect, attributive clause

Task 5. Match the two parts of the sentences to make a complete one.
  • Life would be too smooth
  • If something should go wrong,
  • Sometimes I wish
  • It is most strange
  • Control what your kids watch
  • It looked
  • The kids feared
  • Isn't it time
  • It is recommended
  • Don't act
  • that everybody have a thorough medical check-up every year.
  • so that their TV / Internet experiences should be safe, fun, and productive.
  • as though the silence of the night were getting on their nerves.
  • the children switched off TV and went to bed?
  • lest they should be punished for their disobedience.
  • we will hire a private detective.
  • as if you cared nothing for my feelings.
  • that she should have chosen such a profession.
  • if it had no rubs in it.
  • I were thousands of miles away from civilization.

Task 6. Paraphrase the following so as to use oblique moods in complex sentences.
1. The schoolchildren sowed some seeds, but they forgot to water them, so the seeds didn't grow.
If the schoolchildren .

2. If you are lucky enough to get tickets for the show, will you spare me one?
If you ?

3. What a pity we have ever met!
I wish !

4. Adrian felt transported into a different world.
Adrian felt as if .

5. It is strange for a third-year student not to know such simple things.
It is strange that .

6. It's time for us to turn over a new leaf in our life, my darling.
It's time It's time

7. Our neighbours are so noisy!
I wish !

8. In spite of his learning hard, he won't be in time to prepare for the exam.
However , he won't be in time for the exam.

9. All the time she fears the committee may reject her.
All the time she fears lest .

10. It's vitally important for the child to have all the care he needs.
It's vitally important that .

Task 7. Translate the underlined parts into English using the right Oblique mood form.
1. If you работал all your life, you был бы богат now.
2. Close the window before switching on the light lest mosquitoes не залетели .
3. They were anxious that everything оставалось unchanged.
4. He was looking at me так, словно не понимал .
5. It's high time you начать работать !
6. I would rather you ушел now.
7. I dreaded lest any stranger не заметил me.
8. If you доведется присутствовать at the ceremonial meeting, congratulate them on our behalf.
9. I wish you не уехал so fast then!
10. Is it not amazing that he помнит every detail of what had happened so long ago?
11. I really wish you перестал курить in the room. It's disgusting!
12. Peter's advice to me was that I продал all the shares immediately.
13. Как бы сильно они не старались , the factory will be closed.
14. Случись тебе run into Peter, tell him he owes me a letter.
Total: 80 points 0 point-mark

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