Part A

1. At what stage of reading a book can you
— determine the meaning of a title?
— interpret symbols?

2. Think of traditional (universal) symbols for: (your answers may be different)
a) love -
b) purity -
c) studies -
d) grief -
e) happiness -
f) peace -

3. A symbol is:

4. Choose the features typical of each emotive key:
a) A text lyrical in key expresses _____ and employs a lot of_____ _____.

b) A story written in the dramatic key describes _______. The writer resorts to _______ to convey dynamism and a sense of drama.

c) Stories written in the humorous emotive key contain _______.

Part B

Read the short story and do the tasks that follow the story.


The Orphaned Swimming Pool

Marriages, like chemical unions, release upon dissolution packets of the energy locked up in their bonding. There is the piano no one wants, the cocker spaniel no one can take care of. Shelves of books suddenly stand revealed as burdensomely dated and unlikely to be reread; indeed, it is difficult to remember who read them in the first place. And what of those old skis in the attic? Or the doll house waiting to be repaired in the basement? The piano goes out of tune, the dog goes mad. The summer that the Turners got their divorce, their swimming pool had neither a master nor a mistress, though the sun beat down day after day, and a state of drought was declared in Connecticut.

It was a young pool, only two years old, of the fragile type fashioned by laying a plastic liner within a carefully carved hole in the ground. The Turners’ side yard looked infernal while it was being done; one bulldozer sank into the mud and had to be pulled free by another. But by midsummer the new grass was sprouting, the encircling flagstones were in place, the blue plastic tinted the water a heavenly blue, and it had to be admitted that the Turners had scored again. They were always a little in advance of their friends. He was a tall, hairy-backed man with long arms, and a nose flattened by football, and a sullen look of too much blood; she was a fine-boned blonde with dry blue eyes and lips usually held parted and crinkled as if to ask a worrisome, or whimsical, question. They never seemed happier, or their marriage healthier, than those two summers. They grew brown and supple and smooth with swimming. Ted would begin his day with a swim, before dressing to catch the train, and Linda would hold court all day amid crowds of wet matrons and children, and Ted would return from work to find a poolside cocktail party in progress, and the couple would end their day at midnight, when their friends had finally left, by swimming nude, before bed. What ecstasy! In darkness the water felt as mild and buoyant as helium, and the swimmers became giants, gliding from side to side in a single languorous stroke.

The next May, the pool was filled as usual, and the usual after-school gangs of mothers and children gathered, but Linda, unlike her, stayed indoors. She could be heard within the house, moving from room to room, but she no longer emerged, as in other summers, with a cheerful tray of ice and brace of bottles, and Triscuits and lemonade for the children. Their friends felt less comfortable about appearing, towels in hand, at the Turners’ on weekends. Though Linda had lost some weight and looked elegant, and Ted was cumbersomely jovial, they gave off the faint, sleepless, awkward-making aroma of a couple in trouble. Then, the day after school was out, Linda fled with the children to her parents in Ohio. Ted stayed nights in the city, and the pool was deserted. Though the pump that ran the water through the filter continued to mutter in the lilacs, the cerulean pool grew cloudy. The bodies of dead horseflies and wasps dotted the still surface. A speckled plastic ball drifted into a corner beside the diving-board and stayed there. The grass between the flagstones grew lank. On the glass-topped pool-side table, a spray can of Off! had lost its pressure and a gin-and-tonic glass held a sere mint leaf. The pool looked desolate and haunted, like a stagnant jungle spring; it looked poisonous and ashamed. The postman, stuffing overdue notices and pornography solicitations into the mailbox, averted his eyes from the side yard politely.

Some June weekends, Ted sneaked out of the city. Families driving to church glimpsed him dolefully sprinkling chemical substances into the pool. He looked pale and thing. He instructed Roscoe Chace, his neighbor on the left, how to switch on the pump and change the filter, and how much chlorine and Algitrol should be added weekly. He explained he would not be able to make it out every weekend—as if the distance that for years he had traveled twice each day, gliding in and out of New York, had become an impossibly steep climb back into the past. Linda, he confided vaguely, had left her parents in Akron and was visiting her sister in Minneapolis. As the shock of the Turners’ joint disappearance wore off, their pool seemed less haunted and forbidding. The Murtaugh children—the Murtaughs, a rowdy, numerous family, were the Turners’ right-hand neighbors—began to use it, without supervision. So Linda’s old friends, with their children, began to show up, “to keep the Murtaughs from drowning each other.” For if anything were to happen to a Murtaugh, the poor Turners (the adjective had become automatic) would be sued for everything, right when they could less afford it. It became, then, a kind of duty, a test of loyalty, to use the pool.

July was the hottest in twenty-seven years. People brought their own lawn furniture over in station wagons and set it up. Teen-age offspring and Swiss AU-PAIR girls were established as lifeguards. A nylon rope with flotation corks, meant to divide the wading end from the diving end of the pool, was found coiled in the garage and reinstalled. Agnes Kleefield contributed an old refrigerator, which was wired to an outlet above Ted’s basement workbench and used to store ice, quinine water, and soft drinks. An honor system shoebox containing change appeared beside it; a little lost-and-found—an array of forgotten sunglasses, flippers, towels, lotions, paperbacks, shirts, even underwear-materialized on the Turners’ side steps. When people, that July, said, “Meet you at the pool,” they did not mean the public pool past the shopping center, or the country-club pool beside the first tee. They meant the Turners’. Restrictions to admission were difficult to enforce tactfully. A visiting Methodist bishop, two Taiwanese economists, an entire girls’ softball team from Darien, an eminent Canadian poet, the archery champion of Hartford, the six members of a black rock group called the Good Intentions, an ex-mistress of Aly Khan, the lavender-haired mother-in-law of a Nixon adviser not quite of Cabinet rank, an infant of six weeks, a man who was killed the next day on the Merrit Parkway, a Filipino who could stay on the pool bottom for eighty seconds, two Texans who kept cigars in their mouths and hats on their heads, three telephone linemen, four expatriate Czechs, a student Maoist from Wesleyan, and the postman all swam, as guests, in the Turners’ pool, though not at once. After the daytime the crowd ebbed, and the shoebox was put back in the refrigerator, and the last AU-PAIR girl took the last goosefleshed, wrinkled child shivering home to supper, there was a tide of evening activity, trysts (Mrs. Kleefield and the Nicholson boy, most notoriously) and what some called, overdramatically, orgies. True, late splashes and excited guffaws did often keep Mrs. Chace awake, and the Murtaugh children spent hours in their attic windows with binoculars. And there was the evidence of the lost underwear.

One Saturday early in August, the morning arrivals found an unknown car with New York plates, parked in the garage. But cars of all sorts were so common—the parking tangle frequently extended into the road—that nothing much was thought of it, even when someone noticed that the bedroom window upstairs were open. And nothing came of it, except that around suppertime, in the lull before the evening crowds began to arrive in force, Ted and an unknown woman, of the same physical type as Linda but brunette, swiftly exited from the kitchen door, got into the car, and drove back to New York. The few lingering babysitters and beaux thus unwittingly glimpsed the root of the divorce. The two lovers had been trapped inside the house all day; Ted was fearful of the legal consequences of their being seen by anyone who might write and tell Linda. The settlement was at a ticklish stage; nothing less than terror of Linda’s lawyers would have led Ted to suppress his indignation at seeing, from behind the window screen, his private pool turned public carnival. For long thereafter, though in the end he did not marry the woman, he remembered that day when they lived together like fugitives in a cave, feeding on love and ice water, tiptoeing barefoot to the depleted cupboards, which they, arriving late last night, had hoped to stock in the morning, not foreseeing the onslaught of interlopers that would pin them in. Her hair, he remembered, had tickled his shoulders as she crouched behind him at the window, and through the angry pounding of his own blood he had felt her slim body breathless with the attempt not to giggle.

August drew in, with cloudy days. Children grew bored with swimming. Roscoe Chace went on vacation to Italy; the pump broke down, and no one repaired it. Dead dragonflies accumulated on the surface of the pool. Small deluded toads hopped in and swam around hopelessly. Linda at last returned. From Minneapolis she had gone on to Idaho for six weeks, to be divorced. She and the children had burned faces from riding and hiking; her lips looked drier and more quizzical than ever, still seeking to frame that troubling question. She stood at the window, in the house that already seemed to lack its furniture, at the same side window where the lovers had crouched, and gazed at the deserted pool. The grass around it was green from splashing, save where a long-lying towel had smothered a rectangle and left it brown. Aluminum furniture she didn’t recognize lay strewn and broken. She counted a dozen bottles beneath the glass-topped table. The nylon divider had parted, and its two halves floated independently. The blue plastic beneath the colorless water tried to make a cheerful, otherworldly statement, but Linda saw that the pool in truth had no bottom, it held bottomless loss, it was one huge blue tear. Thank God no one had drowned in it. Except her. She saw that she could never live here again. In September the place was sold to a family with toddling infants, who for safety’s sake have not only drained the pool but have sealed it over with iron pipes and a heavy mesh, and put warning signs around, as around a chained dog.

1. The tone of the story alters as the narration unfolds. Read the text carefully and determine the borderlines where the tonal shifts occur. Divide the following adjectives from the text into several groups according to the tones included in the tonal system of the text:

stagnant public sere ticklish quizzical
haunted forbidding happy smooth awkward-making
deserted poor chained mild blue cerulean
cloudy languorous rowdy supple depleted
healthy buoyant cheerful other-worldly smooth
desolate private a heavenly blue angry

e.g.: stagnant (elegiac tone)…

2. Choose the phrase that best completes the following sentences. Your choice will depend on your personal interpretation.
1. The metaphor “Linda would hold the court…” is employed in the text:

2. The author resorts to the simile “buoyant as helium”:

3. The figurative language used in the phrase “…his indignation at seeing…his private pool turned private carnival” serves to convey the idea:

4. The author resorts to the metaphor “It (the pool) was one huge blue tear”:


Emotive key

Devices to create the given key

Evidence from the text

1. From “He was a tall, hairy-backed man … to … gliding from side to side in a single
languorous stroke.”

. Specific choice of positively coloured emotive words

2. Corresponding metaphors and similes

3. Specific syntax and grammar

4. Exclamatory sentences

“they never seemed happier, nor their marriage healthier

+ mild; smooth; buoyant; languorous

“Lynda would hold court…”

“the water felt mild as milk and buoyant as helium”

“the swimmers became giants, gliding…”

“Ted would begin…Ted would return… the couple would end their day…”

What ecstasy!

2. From “July was the hottest… to And there
was the evidence of lost underwear”


The use of words which are not generally used in such
situations/ context

2. A
funny incident or ridiculous situation

3. Amusing/unexpected metaphors, similes, epithets

4. A
mock-serious tone of the author

“…forgotten sunglasses… materialized“

Restrictions on admission were difficult to enforce…”

+ trysts, orgies

“..there was the evidence of lost underwear”

“…the shoebox was put back in the refrigerator”

“…two Texans who kept cigars in their mouths and hats
on their heads…”

“…the Murtaugh children spent hours at their attic
window with binoculars.”

“The lavender-haired mother-in-law”

“…the crowd ebbed

a tide of evening activity”

…the ill-assorted collection of the swimming pool

4. Interpreting symbolism. Choose answers which seem suitable.
1. The swimming pool in the text is a symbol of:

2. The nylon divider torn in two halves:

3. Dead dragonflies on the surface of the pool and toads in it are described:

5. Interpreting the title.
1). State the functions of the title “The Orphaned Swimming Pool”.

2). Translate the title.

3). Define the figure of speech at the basis of the title.