Ex. 1.Name all the phenomena described below.
1) - behaviour of a person who puts private interests first and is responsible for all his actions.
2) - state of having and showing positive assurance.
3) - belief that in the end good will triumph over evil.
4) - feeling that one is behaving and thinking in ways that will not cause one to be ashamed of oneself.
5) - valuation of material things and money.
6) - ability to compete and be ready to work hard in order to achieve success.
7) - belief that events are decided by fate; submission to all that happens as inevitable.
8) - reliance on one’s own efforts and abilities.
9) - state of being devout, pious.
10) - Individualism aggressiveness, the act or quality of being warlike.
Ex. 2.Read the following phrases and give their English equivalents.
1) to in something
2) to to do something
3) to to do something
4) to to do something
5) to the society
6) to something
7) to something
8) to characteristic
9) to opinion
10) to one’s power or duties
Ex. 3.Read the following phrases and fill in the prepositions where necessary.
1) to have no effect smth
2) to transfer power smb
3) to impose something smb
4) to be rich smth
5) to give priority smth
6) to revive smth
7) to live one’s own
8) to excel smth
9) to share smth
10) to be remarkable smth
Ex. 4.Define the following notions as Americans view them (use a monolingual dictionary if necessary).
1) Freedom;
2) the American dream;
3) a race for success;
4) social mobility.

Ex. 5.Define the following notions and/or relate them to the corresponding national values
1) ‘delayed gratification’ -
2) ‘trial-and-error’ approach -
3) ‘natural benefits’ -
4) ‘an accident of birth’ -
5) attempt at devolution -
Ex. 6.Match the following phenomena and their definitions described below.
charity materialism privacy self-improvement/self-help informality
individualism voluntarism assertiveness competition self-reliance
1) ... belief in the primary importance of the individual and in the virtues of self-reliance and personal independence
2) ... performing social or educational work in communities free of charge
3) ... state of counting on one's own capabilities, judgment, or resources, independence
4) ... providing help or relief to the poor; something given to help the needy, generosity
toward others or toward humanity
5) ... ability to better one's condition through one's own efforts
6) ... quality describing someone as expressing feelings and requests plainly and directly
7) ... state of being casual (friendly) in general behaviour or in relationships with other people
8) ... the theory or doctrine that physical well-being and worldly possessions constitute the greatest good and highest value in life
9) ... rivalry between two or more parties striving for the same profit or a prize, customer or market
10) ... state when you have some time alone or some time to yourself
Questions for discussion.
1. How would you define the notion of “national character”?
2. What factors (social, historical, geographical, etc.) can influence the formation
of one’s national character?
3. What values do we (Belarusians) live by?
4. How would you describe an “average” Belarusian today?
5. Are Belarusians as patriotic as Americans or the British?