PART II. Train Your Competence

(35 points)

Task 1. Study the sentences below and answer the questions with one of them. If you are to give more than one answer, give them in alphabetic order. (10 points)

In which sentences is the predicate expressed by a pure intransitive verb? In which sentence is the predicate expressed by an intransitive ergative verb? In which sentences is the predicate expressed by a monotransitive verb? In which sentences is the predicate expressed by a ditransitive verb? In which sentence is the predicate expressed a complex-transitive verb? In which sentences is the predicate expressed by a copular verb?
  • Mary started dancing.
  • The ball fell down.
  • I left a note for him on the desk.
  • I find this task very easy.
  • The moon rose.
  • Jane is a really fast typist.
  • The door opened slowly.
  • Your translation sounds excellent.
  • Do you see what I mean?
  • Give me a break!

Task 2. Supply one appropriate delexical verb in each line. (12 points)

1. to + one’s living, a mistake, a change, haste
2. to + the washing up, the ironing, the shopping, the laundry
3. to + a kiss, a hand, a royal welcome, offence
4. to + a decision, a suggestion, an appointment, money
5. to + offence, an interest in smth, turns, a risk
6. to + a whistle, a warning, a kick, a yell
7. to + the washing up, harm, one’s room, one’s shopping
8. to + a smoke, a rest, a wash, a word with smb
9. to + a shrug, your shoes a polish, a laugh, smb funny looks
10. to + a choice, a trip, a guess, a promise
11. to + a fight, a chat, lunch, a shower
12. to + a move, a mistake, progress, one’s bed


Task 3. Use the same linking / copular verb in both sentences (give the Infinitive form as your answer). (8 points)

1. a) Ruth felt her mouth dry.
b) By the next day the wine had sour.
2. a) The top of the tap has loose.
b) Claudia awake slowly.
3. a) In autumn the leaves red, yellow and brown.
b) The King’s right hand traitor.
4. a) The company broke last year.
b) He almost insane after hearing the dreadful newsabout his son.
5. a) Your cat has so fat!
b) The whispers fainter and fainter, then stopped altogether.
6. a) Our stocks of food have low.
b) Rumours of the queen’s arrest were -ing rife in London.
7. a) Why has everyone silent all of a sudden?
b) I asleep almost immediately.
8. a) I so mad when people don’t take me seriously.
b) Don’t too excited about the news.


Task 4. Translate the part underlined into English using collocations with delexical verbs. (5 points)

1. A person who never ошибался never tried anything new. (Albert Einstein)
2. If I knew for a certainty that a man was coming to my house with the conscious design of сделать мне добро, I should run for my life. (Henry Thoreau)
3. He that is good for находить оправдания is seldom good for anything else. (Benjamin Franklin)
4. When you делаешь выбор, you change the future. (Deepak Chopra)
5. The only man I know who behaves sensibly is my tailor. He снимает с меня мерки anew each time he sees me. The rest go on with their old measurements and expect me to fit them. (George Bernard Shaw)