U N I T 8


1. Match the words in Column A with their definitions in Column B.
  • to acquit
  • attorney
  • to convict
  • the defense
  • felony
  • forgery
  • lawsuit
  • misdemeanor
  • perjury
  • plaintiff
  • to plead guilty
  • the prosecution
  • to sue
  • to testify
  • trial
  • the lawyers who try to prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime
  • someone who brings a legal action against another person in a court of law
  • the crime of copying official documents, money etc
  • to make a legal claim against someone, especially for money, because they have harmed you in some way
  • the crime of telling a lie after promising to tell the truth in a court of law
  • to announce officially that someone is guilty of a crime after a trial in a law court
  • to make a formal statement of what is true, especially in a court of law
  • a legal process in which a judge and often a jury in a court of law examine information to decide whether someone is guilty of a crime
  • (of a person charged with an offence) to admit responsibility; confess
  • to decide in a court of law that someone is not guilty of a crime
  • all the lawyers who try to prove in a court of law that someone is not guilty
  • a crime that is not very serious
  • a case before a civil court; a complaint that a person or organization brings to a court of law to be settled
  • a lawyer, esp. the one who represents people in court (AmE)
  • a serious crime such as murder

2. Substitute the words in bold with a word or word combination from the box without changing its form.
acquit attorneys convicted the defense felony forgery misdemeanor lawsuit perjury the prosecution sued testified trial plaintiff plead guilty
  1. В суде американского города Атланта присяжные в пятницу признали виновной - ... бывшую сотрудницу корпорации Coca-Cola в краже секретного рецепта нового напитка компании с целью его продажи конкурентам.
  2. Мосгорсуд признал трех подсудимых виновными в терроризме, убийствах, подделке документов - ... , незаконном ношении и хранении взрывчатых веществ.
  3. Ответчик не признал себя виновным - ... в хищении в особо крупных размерах.
  4. Его обвиняют в лжесвидетельстве - ... и препятствовании правосудию по делу о разглашении имени сотрудника ФБР.
  5. Адвокаты - ... бывшего заместителя прокурора в свою очередь уверяют, что обвинению - ... будет чрезвычайно трудно доказать факт взятки.
  6. С начала процесса - ... допрошено уже пять свидетелей.
  7. Суду предстоит выслушать показания свидетелей обвинения и защиты, фокусирующиеся на новых судебных доказательствах, и, возможно, признать невиновным - ... обвиняемого.
  8. В 2009 году бизнесмен подал иск - ... на журнал Forbes за клевету, потребовав компенсации морального ущерба в размере 100 000 долларов.
  9. Следствием установлено, что мужчина, желая избежать наказания за совершенное им административное правонарушение - ... , попытался дать взятку в сумме 100 рублей.
  10. Истец - ... проиграл 13 августа тяжбу - ... за 5,4 млн рублей в суде первой инстанции.
  11. Задержанный по подозрению в совершении тяжкого преступления - ... мелитополец уже дал показания - ... .

3. For each word listed in Column A, choose a synonym from Column B.
  • confess
  • claim
  • declare innocent
  • detective
  • give evidence
  • find guilty
  • lawyer
  • lying under oath
  • prison
  • wrongdoing
  • testify
  • convict
  • investigator
  • perjury
  • acquit
  • jail
  • misdemeanor
  • plead guilty
  • attorney
  • allege

4. Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
acquitted convicted felony forged lawsuit misdemeanor perjury plaintiff pleaded guilty sued testimony
  1. A court in northern Spain ... two men of trafficking in explosives. They are already in jail.
  2. The High Court ... a man of trafficking 81kg of marijuana because the prosecution did not call two witnesses whose ... could have helped establish his guilt.
  3. Police suspect the lawyer ... the signature on the check to deposit the cash into his account.
  4. A former police chief has ... in federal court to a drunken driving charge.
  5. The injured man brought a ... against the transportation company alleging that the driver had been drinking at the time of the accident.
  6. A White House official is charged with ... and lying to investigators related to his role in the CIA leak case.
  7. A 15-year-old who took a loaded gun to school will be expelled from school for a year and faces a ... charge, authorities said.
  8. A Republican state lawmaker has filed a bill that would charge parents of public school students with a ... and fine them for playing hooky from a scheduled parent-teacher conference.
  9. The ... ... the defendant for damage to his car.

5. Match the words in Column A with the words in Column B to make up possible word combinations.
  • to await
  • to call
  • district
  • to drop
  • to file
  • grand
  • to forge
  • to plead
  • prosecutor’s
  • witness
  • guilty
  • a suit against sb.
  • trial
  • stand
  • witnesses
  • office
  • a charge
  • attorney
  • theft
  • a passport

6. Insert prepositions where necessary.
  1. Four of the six accusers recently testified that they had lied the stand, saying they were coerced.
  2. A marijuana activist was the jury, and refused to convict.
  3. The rapper Sean Puffy Combs is trial for illegal gun possession and bribery stemming from a 1999 shooting at a Manhattan nightclub.
  4. A former sheriff’s deputy was convicted first-degree felony trespassing and misdemeanor wiretapping after he was accused of harassing an ex-girlfriend.
  5. A lawsuit that contends a company depressed wages by hiring illegal immigrants and should pay damages to legal workers will go trial in March 2008, a judge said Monday.
  6. Two men accused furnishing money and fresh recruits to the militant Palestinian group Hamas were acquitted racketeering but convicted lesser charges.
  7. Two witnesses the defense stated they had seen a man fitting that description, but both admitted failing to report their observations.
  8. A mortgage broker faces felony charges stemming from allegations he defrauded dozens of elderly residents and corporate lenders more than $408,000.
  9. The Hague-based court ruled yesterday there was enough evidence to put Thomas Lubanga, the dock for recruiting children as young as 10 to fight on the frontline of a war for the control of gold, diamonds and timber in the vast Democratic Republic of Congo.
  10. A former business owner appeared court today two felony counts of grand theft.
  11. Eminem has been sued damages of $5 million by a games company alleging fraud and breach of contract over a game it was set to release featuring the rap star’s music videos.
  12. A Lake County jury took about seven hours to convict him all counts a triple homicide case in Hobart.

7. Substitute the words in bold with their synonyms from the box.
case cleared counterfeit found guilty to give evidence indicted lawyer petitioner’s proceedings swindle took legal action against
  1. A state pathologist and an independent medical expert are both expected to be called to testify - ... .
  2. Two High School students were accused of using forged - ... money that one of them printed at home to purchase items at the school store, authorities said Thursday.
  3. A jury began its deliberation, trying to reach a verdict in a sexual harassment lawsuit - ... filed against a TV producer.
  4. In its 13-page written decision, the judge also rejected plaintiff's - ... claims that the defendant breached the contract.
  5. Wesley Snipes was indicted Tuesday on tax fraud - ... charges that accuse the actor of trying to cheat the federal government out of nearly $12 million in false refund claims.
  6. A county grand jury has charged - ... a man in connection with the deaths of three members of a suburban Chicago family.
  7. The attorney - ... for a former University of Oklahoma quarterback says his client will plead innocent to a misdemeanor public drunkenness charge.
  8. The company sued - ... a Japanese company earlier this year for not paying the license fees.
  9. The judge put the trial - ... on hold because of flaws in the prosecution’s case.
  10. A jury acquitted - ... two animal rights workers of animal cruelty charges, but both were convicted - ... of littering.

8. Complete the word forms chart.
Noun Agent Noun Verb
the defense
suit _
the prosecution