Test 4

Study the definitions of the neologisms in English and fill in the gaps paying attention to the rendering into Russian. Translate the sentences into Russian. Make up your own sentences in Russian for your groupmates to translate in class. 

1. The practice of adding value to a pension during the year before retirement with overtime hours, unused vacation days, and other unused employment benefits.

... goes against the spirit of what a pension plan is supposed to do,’ says Jean-Pierre Aubry of the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.

2. Relating to the legal limiting of investigations into farming practices.

Animal rights activists in the US have told the BBC that so-called ‘...’ laws could be copied in other countries including the UK.

3. A condition in which the brain is over-stimulated and a person cannot remain calm or focused.

With ..., you are easily distracted, forgetful and mentally flighty — or, in other words, me.

4. The practice of taking photographs of people holding a cat to their faces so that the cat looks like a beard.

... is the latest viral photo trend to sweep the confused place we call the Internet.

5. Problems which are very trivial on a global scale, and which would only be perceived as problems by the very privileged.

Have you ever heard someone complain about their ‘problems’, only to think they were being completely ridiculous? Enter the archival Tumblr, White Whine, which culls together a sometimes hilarious, oft times ironic list of ‘...’.

6. A dialect of English that is spoken in urban areas of the UK, especially London, and is influenced by the accents of several other languages.

The new voice of young people is called MLE, which stands for ....

7. The point after which the number of children born the world over will decline.

In addition, we have reached what Rosling describes as ‘...’, the result of decreased birth rates; a consequence of the positive effects of development.

8. A very tiny electronic circuit.

The technology breaks silicon wafers into tens of thousands of ...s, bottles them as ‘ink’ and then ‘prints’ them, much as a Xerox laser printer puts toner on paper.

9. The rewriting of DNA in living organisms, often for the purposes of curing illnesses.

This uses a new technique called ....

10. A printer that produces three-dimensional objects.

The most recent issue of Make Magazine offers detailed reviews on a number of popular models of ...s, breaking down each of their strengths and weaknesses.

pension spiking
cat bearding
3D printer
peak child
first world problems
genome editing
brain fatigue
Multicultural London English